The postmenopausal osteoporosis has to be tackled properly in the elderly women fulfilling their requirements for their mental and physical health care.
Menopause means cessation of mensuration and related conditions.
In a normal woman with old age ova in her ovaries get exhausted leading hormonal changes.
In turn, over a period her menstrual cycle become erratic and finally stops.
These menopausal changes initially bring about an increase in the level of hormones like luteinizing hormone(LH) and follicle stimulating hormone(LSH) leading to decrease in the production of estrogen.
Decrease of estrogen leads to osteoporosis and other physiological and mental disorders.
As we have discussed in our earlier post these hormonal factors lead to bone resorption causing osteoporosis.
The lack of estrogen increases the bone resorption and retards the deposition of bone.
This happens mostly in the weight bearing skeletal bones.
Though the supplements of estrogen seem to work, many side effects negate their usefulness.
Calcium,minerals and vitamin D supplements help in gaining density of bone to some extent.